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MYTHOLOGICAL ORIENTAL MEDICINE ORGANS
In Acupuncture theory of care, the treatment is
based on many principals. These principals were developed over
thousands of years absent the correlations with the progression of
western science. As physicians desire better results than ever, science
has determined the need for this re-investigation of Oriental medicine.
Thus relative to the Organs, care revolves
around vastly differing principals developed over time. W will briefly
discuss the five elements method later. However, this investigation
found poor results albeit results found with this level of thinking.
When we treat organs in oriental medicine
think of syndromes and further care can be divided into treating the
root and the manifestations. One must also select points based on the
differentiation of syndromes and functions of acupoints.
In oriental medicine the differentiation of
syndromes of Zangfu Organs and meridians is used to locate the disease
while the 8 Principals methods focus on the treatment of fold, heat and
excess or deficiency of disease. When care is divided at signs and
symptoms such as fever, spontaneous sweating, night sweating, insomnia,
and amnesia, this is know as Syndrome care.
The organs of the human body are
referred to as Zang Fu as noted above. Generally there are 6 Zang organs, 6 Fu organs
and extra-ordinary Fu Organs.
Basic Physiology is described by differences
between the Zang and fu organs functions. In Plain Questions Chapter
11, it is written, “Organs store pure essential Qi to draining it off,
and for this reason, then can be filled up but not overfilled.” The
six organs transmit water and food without storing hem, ad for this
reason the may be oversupplied but cannot be filled up.
The structural ad functional actives are
interrelated by connection through meridians and collaterals. In other
words the meridians and Collaterals act as a nervous system in Liu of
nerves per se. Thus we treat physiological function and pathological
changes of Zang-fu organs, tissues, their interrelationships, the
physiology and pathology of vital essence, Qi, blood and body fluid, as
well as the interrelations with Zang fu organs, meridians and
ORIENTAL MEDICAL ZANG
The Lungs, which are located in the thorax communicates with
and opens into the nose. The canopy of the Zang Fu Organs the lung
occupies the uppermost position. The Lung has an internal-external
connection with the LI
Fu Organ The Main Functions of the Lungs are controlling respiration,
domination Qi, dispersing and descending,, dominates the skin and hair
and regulated the water passages.
Controls respiration and Dominates Qi.
occurs, we take in clear Qi from the natural environment and exhale
waste Qi generated internally by our bodies. In Plain Questions chapter
5, it is written, “The Qi of heaven is in communication with the
lungs”. The respiratory domination refers to dominating Qi.
Pectoral Qi is
formed from the combination of the essential Qi of water and food, and
the clear Qi inhaled by the lung. It accumulates in the chest,
dominates respiration, and is subsequently distributed
to the whole
body. In Plain Questions Chapter 10 it is written, “All kinds of Qi
belong to the lung. It is true that if the Lung Qi is
passage of Qi through the body is unobstructed demonstrated by smooth
and normal breathing. If Lung Qi is deficient,
the signs and symptoms are often
feeble speech, weak respiration, and shortness of breath and general
Lung Dominates Distribution and skin and hair health.
The Lung function of
distributing defensive Qi and body fluid warms and moistens the muscles,
skin and hair. In the Miraculous Pivot Chapter 13, it is written,
refers to the substance originating in the upper Jiao, spreads the
essentials from water and food, warms the skin, insulate irrigation by
fog and dew”.
Oriental Medicine, surfaces refer to the location of skin and hair and
sweat glands, which act as a protective barrier against invading
pathogens. In oriental medicine “The lung dominates skin and hair: and
“the pores are the gate of Qi”. Thus the pores of the skin have the
function of dispersing Qi and regulating respiration. Thus the ancients
believed that Qi was in the sweat (fluids).
example, if a pathogen invades the lung through the skin and hair, this
may give rise to symptoms such as aversion to cold, fever, nasal
obstruction and cough. This is symptomatic of the lungs failure in
the lung is deficient, this means the lung cannot disperse the Qi for
the air, water and food fully resulting in the skin turning sallow and
porous with susceptibility to catching a cold with spontaneous
THE LUNG OPENS INTO THE NOSE
The pathway for
respiration in Oriental Medicine is the Nose. When the Lung Qi s normal
respiration and olfactory function is well coordinated.
When the Lung is
deficient or diseased, it may cause throat pathology resulting in
aphonia and a sore throat.
REGULATES WATER PASSAGES AND DOMINATES
As a general rule, upper Zang-fu
organs support descending actions and the lower Zang-fu regulates
ascending actions. Thus the Lung which is the canopy Zang organ,
functions to descend Qi to promote Qi and body fluid circulation
throughout the body and conduct them downwards. Reverse actions such as
cough and shortness of breath represent a deficiency.
The Lung regulates
water passages for circulation and excretion of water. When Lung Qi is
deficient, there is a loss in the descending functions resulting in dysuria, edema and oliguria.
In Summary the following are the know accepted
categories of Oriental Disease etiologies relative to the Lung. Wind
Cold, Wind Heat, Wind Damp, Wind Dry, Lung Heat, Lung Phlegm heat, Damp
Phlegm or Cold Phlegm, Turbid Phlegm, Lou Qi deficiency, Lung Qi
obstruction, Lung Yin deficiency, Lung Dryness, Lung Yin deficiency
with deficiency heat.
Regulates opening and the closing of the pores
Dominates the skin and mucus membranes
water passages and the lungs prefer to be damp
Governs the strength of the voice
Opens to the nose
Helps with the heart to control the autonomic
Controls the larynx and sinuses
Controls the diaphragm
Controls those areas where its meridians flow
II THE HEART
The Heart is located in the thorax between the
Lungs. The heart is internally-externally related through its meridian
to the small Intestine. The Heart functions to dominate the blood
vessels, house the mind, open into the tongue and manifests on the face.
DOMINATES BLOOD AND VESSELS
This function indicates the heart is the moving force for blood
circulation. Obviously the blood vessels contain the circulating
blood. As far back as “Plain Questions” Chapter 4 notes,
“The heart dominates the blood and vessels”,
Normal heart Qi maintains the strength for propulsion.
HEART MANIFEST ON THE FACE
There are many tiny blood vessels in
the face and thus it manifests the health of the heart. For example if
the heat Qi is sound the face will be rosy. If deficient the face is
pale. Likewise the pulse checks the heart status. Again if the heart
is strong the pulse is regular and strong. Conversely when the heart Qi
and blood is deficient the pulse is weak and thready
and again the face is
pale. It is written in the Plain Questions Chapter 9,
“The glory of the
heart is manifested on the face, since the blood frills up the vessels”.
THE HEART HOUSES THE MIND
In Oriental Medicine the spirit and
thinking or the mind were associated originally with the heart. Zang Fu
theory held conscious thinking is related to Zang Organs and more
specifically to heart physiology. Human Spirit, consciousness,
thinking, memory and sleep are therefore all relative to the heart
housing the mind.
THE HEART OPENS TO THE TONGUE
The heart communicates with the tongue internally through
the chest meridian. Thus the heart dominates the sense of
and speech. For example, heart blood deficiency may present a pale
tongue. Excess heart fire may present with tongue redness and
ulceration. Stagnated heart blood may give rise to a dark, purple
tongue body or purplish tongue spots.
Harbors the spirit
Controls Cerebral Cortex function.
Master of the Mind and emotions
Rules the blood and cardiovascular system and vessels
Opens to the tongue
Controls the Thyroid and Thymus
Controls those areas where its meridians flow
The pericardium is located in the thorax.
It is a membrane surrounding he heart. In most modern texts it is
thought of as a Zang Organ, but some still hold it to be a part of the
heart. Some texts say the 5 Zang organs and some say 6 including the
Because the PC
protects the heart it is pathogenic Qi invades it prior to the heart.
The ancient thought that the Pericardium was a protective membrane
around the heart to protect it from invasion by pathological influence.
Protects the Heart
Is the Prime Minister and does the bidding of the Emperor, the
Controls blood circulation
Controls the emotions
Regulates the sexual function of the kidneys. The link between
emotions and sexuality
Dominates the adrenals
Controls those areas where its meridians
IV THE SPLEEN
The Spleen is
located in the middle
Jiao below the diaphragm under the left lung. The
spleen meridian makes its internal-external connection with the
stomach. The Spleens traditional functions are; Governing
transportation and transformation, controlling blood, dominates the
muscles and limbs, opens into the mouth while manifesting on the lips.
GOVERNING TRANSPORTATION AND TRANSFORMATION
Transformation means digestion and absorption. Transportation
implies transmission. The spleen functions as transportation and
transformation of water, food and dampness.
Thus the spleen functions to digest absorb and subsequently transmit the
nutrient substances to the entire body. The Spleen is considered the
main Zang organ for the creation of Qi and Blood. The main sources
are derived from food and water. If the spleen has Qi deficiency, there
will be a loss of full transportation and transformation leading to
abdominal distension, poor appetite, lassitude, loose stools, emaciation
The Spleen has the function of playing a role in water metabolism. For
example if it is weak then dampness may occur. The spleen also
transports excess fluid of the tissue, organs and meridians. It
guarantees normal organ and tissue suppleness absent retention of
dampness. Diarrhea, phlegm and fluid retention, prolapse of the rectum
after prolonged diarrhea, and blurred vision are the signs of
non-ascending Spleen Qi.
CONTROLLING THE BLOOD
Qi as you learned will keep the blood in
the vessels. Spleen Qi also helps keep
the blood in the vessels as well as aids circulation preventing
Further if the Spleen Qi is normal, then the source for the
manufacturing of blood is sound and thus
there is ample Qi and blood. Hemorrhages, blood in the stool, uterine
bleeding are all signs that Spleen Qi deficiency exists.
DOMINATE THE MUSCLES AND LIMBS
Proper nourishment ensures well-developed
muscles and good motor function for the extremities. Because the
spleen transforms and transmits food, water and blood, there is a direct
correlate in oriental medicine between a healthy spleen and muscles/limbs. When
spleen Qi deficiency exists, there is
weakness of the muscles and limbs. In the Plain
Questions Chapter 44 it is written, “The spleen is in charge of the muscles”.
THE SPLEEN OPENS INTO THE MOUTH AND MANIFESTS ON
With normal Spleen
function there is a good appetite and taste. However there is a
failure in Spleen function or is deficient, transpiration and
diminish food processing and intact becomes insufficient resulting in
appetite, sticky tongue and mouth with poor taste, occurring due to
retention of pathological dampness in the spleen. The lips manifest the state of the
spleen as the
mouth is the aperture for the spleen. Spleen Qi deficiency presents as
pale lips due
to Qi and Blood deficiency.
Disease Etiologies for the Spleen are Qi, Yang, Blood and Yin
deficiencies and Damp Heat as well as dampness.
V THE LIVER
The Liver is located in the
right Hypochondriac region. The Liver Meridian connects
internally-externally with the Gall Bladder. Liver functions include
blood storage, maintenance of Qi flow, tendon control, manifests on the
Nails and opens into the Eye.
The Liver regulates the volume of blood in
circulation as well as blood
storage. Blood is released by the liver relative to daytime activities
movement and increases blood circulation when indicated. Conversely,
when one rests or sleeps, required blood volume decreases, and blood
Liver storage increases. In Plain Questions, the Tenth Chapter, it is written that
“The Liver stores blood….the blood
circulates in the vessels during exertion and remains in the
liver during rest”.
Obviously the Liver is closely related to all organ and tissue activity
due to the Blood
FREE FLOW MAINTENANCE OF Qi
The Liver is responsible for maintaining the Free Flow of Qi in the
entire body and
thus is related to harmonious functions of all the organs including the
the liver loves to flourish, it has an aversions to depression.
RELATIVE TO THE LIVER
Emotional depression stops the Qi from
flourishing, and this stops the Liver from maintaining the free flow of Qi.
Emotional changes which inhibit the Liver and cause Liver Qi stagnation
have the following manifestations:
integrally related to the heart and Liver. When Liver function is
normal Qi flow flourishes and the Qi and Blood are harmonious and the
mind is healthy. When emotional activity is diseased either with
depression or anxiety, Liver Dysfunction occurs resulting in Depression
or anxiety. For example with Liver Qi Stagnation, paranoid depression
may occur. If the Liver is Hyperactive, there can be insomnia,
dizziness and vertigo. Thus there is a vicious cycle. Aberrant
emotions cause liver dysfunction and liver dysfunction causes aberrant
DIGESTION LEADING TO DEPRESSION; THE VICIOUS ZANG FU CYCLE
learned the spleen controls or causes ascending actions while the
stomach the descending actions. When the liver dysfunction occurs, the
ascending and descending functions fail causing a failure in digestion.
Further the Gall Bladder5 is closely related to the Liver. When there
is Liver dysfunction, the is Bile imbalance causing dysfunction of the
spleen and stomach resulting in pour digestion and dyspepsia. Liver
dysfunction equates to a failure in the free flow of Qi or Liver Qi
Stagnation with symptoms such as distending chest and hypochondria pain,
emotional depression and irascibility.
stomach is affected, there is belching, nausea and vomiting due to
rebellious reversing Qi. Remember the stomach has a descending action.
Remember the stomach has a descending action. When inhibited it rebels
with ascending vomit etc known as “attack of the stomach by Liver Qi”.
Spleen Transportation and Transformation are disrupted into abnormal
balance resulting in abdominal distention and diarrhea. This is known
as “Disharmony between the Liver and Spleen”.
that the heart and lung play a large role in Qi and Blood circulation.
Also the liver supports free flow of Qi to prevent Qi and Blood
stagnation. Liver Dysfunction can cause stagnation of Qi and Blood
which leads to stuffiness and pressure in the chest, distending or
pricking pain in the hypochondriac region, dysmenorrhea, formation of
palpable sub dermal mass.
LIVER CONTROL OF TENDONS AND MANIFESTS IN THE NAILS
The ligaments hold skeletal
structures together as well as tendons. Tendons link the joints and
muscles and dominates movement of the Limbs. In Oriental Medicine when
they speak about tendons this is relative to the tendons, ligaments and
nerves. In Oriental Medicine the Liver nourished these tissues. Absent
nourishment these somatic structures weaken. Signs and symptoms of
Liver deficiency is numbness of the limbs and joint or orthopedic
biomechanical dysfunction. Conversely, when the Liver heat invades the
somatic (bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and cartilage) tissues,
signs and symptoms are, convulsion of the four extremities, opisthotonas
and clenching of the teeth.
When Liver blood and yin are
deficient these affect the somatic tissues as well as manifesting signs
on the nails. Nails become soft, thin, withered, chipped and even
deformed. In Plain Questions it is written “The Liver controls the
tendons and manifests in the nails”.
OPENING INTO THE EYES.
In the Miraculous Pivot, Chapter 17
it is written, “The Liver Qi is in communication with the eyes”. When
the Liver is deficient of Yin and Blood signs and symptoms are dryness
of the eyes, blurred vision, or night blindness. Liver Meridian Wind
heat causes red, painful and swollen eyes.
THE LIVER REVIEW
Spreads and regulate the body Qi
Stores the blood when not in use and moistens the tendons and muscles
Controls all hepato-billary functions
the seat of the Soul
the General o Strategy
Controls the Pituitary
Opens into the eyes and the nails
the producer of the Wei Qi
Controls the rib cage
Dominates the breasts
Controls the areas where its meridians flow
VI THE KIDNEY
The kidneys are found bilaterally in
the lumbus or the “Home of the Kidneys”. The kidney Meridian is
internal/external connections are with the Bladder. The Kidney
functions to store essence, dominate human reproduction and development,
dominate water metabolism, dominate the reception of Qi, produce marrow
to nourish the brain, dominate bone, manufacture blood, manifest in the
hair, dominate anterior and posterior orifices and open into the ear.
STORE ESSENCE, DOMINATE DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION
Kidney essence is
divided into two
parts: congenital and acquired. Genetic predisposition or inherited
essence and acquired essential essence are derived from food by the
spleen and stomach. There is a reciprocal nourishment between
congenital and acquired essence.
It is said that congenital essence
prepared the material base for acquired essence. After Birth, acquired
essence replenishes congenital essence.
DOMINATING DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION
In Oriental Medicine Kidney Qi is a catchall to explain sexual
development and aging. In Plain Questions Chapter 1 it is written,
the age of fourteen, a women will begin to menstruate, her Ren
(consumption Vessel) Meridian begins to flow, and the Qi in the Chong
Meridian begins to flourish. That is why she is capable of becoming
pregnant…At the age of 49, the Qi of the Ren Meridian declines, the Qi
of the Chong Meridian becomes weak and scanty, the sexual energy becomes
exhausted and menstruation stops, with the result that her body becomes
old and she can no longer become pregnant”
Relative to Men it is written,
“At the age of sixteen, the Kidney
Qi…becomes even more abundant, his sexual function begins to develop,
and he is filled with semen that he can ejaculate. When he has sexual
intercourse with a woman she can have children…At the age of 56, sexual
energy begins to decline, the semen becomes scanty and the kidney weak,
with the result that all parts of the body begin to age. At the3 age of
sixty-four teeth and hair are gone”.
Thus the Kidney is considered to be “the congenital foundation”.
It dominates human growth, development and reproduction.
The essential kidney Qi involves both yin and yang. Kidney yin is
the foundation of body yin fluid, which nourishes and moistens the
organs and tissues.
Kidney Yang is the foundation of body Yang Qi. It is responsible
for warming, maintenance of the organs and tissues as well as organ
function. Because both yin and yang are housed in the kidney, the
ancient OM therapists considered it the “house of water and fire”.
Essence is yin known as Kidney yin and kidney Qi is kidney Yang.
If kidney yin is deficient, it fails to harmonize yang and becomes
excess. Symptoms are 5-palm heat (heat in the chest, palms and soles)
afternoon fever, night sweats, and seminal emission in males and sexual
dysfunction in females. When kidney Yang is deficient, symptoms
include, coldness, pain in the lumbar region and knees, cold limbs, lack
of spirit, impotence in men and frigidity and infertility in woman. If
kidney deficiency is associated with cold it is known as deficiency of
the kidney essence or Qi.
DOMINATES WATER METABOLISM
Ingested water is first taken into the
stomach and transmitted by the spleen to the Lung which disperses
and descends it (DD). The portion of the fluid which reaches the kidney
is further subdivided into clear and turbid by the kidney Yang’s Qi
activities. The clear nourishing fluids are transmitted up into the lung from
which it is circulated to the organs and body tissues. Obviously the turbid
is excreted through the urinary bladder. If the kidney is
efficient in its balance between yin and yang, then edema or abnormal micturation
It is said that the “Lung is the governor
of Qi and the kidney is the root of Qi”. This refers to the kidney’s
relativity with the Lung. The kidney receives Qi from the Lung by
grasping it and assists its descending motion from the lung governor.
DOMINATES BONE TO MANUFACTURE MARROW
In order to develop the Brain, marrow is
produced from essence. Thus much of intelligence is linked to
inheritance in Oriental Medicine.
Thus the storage of essence in the
Kidney produces its sub expense portion to the bone cavities for marrow
development, nutrition and subsequent growth. Further bone strength,
weakness and status are dependent on the health of the kidneys. In
Oriental Medicine, if kidney essence is deficient, than the bones become
malnourished yielding bone weakness, fractures and mal-development.
Teeth in OM are a surplus of bone. Thus if the kidney are deficient
often the patient may resent with loose or even falling teeth, weakness
of the knees and lumbar region, weakness and/or atrophy of the foot,
failing or dropping hair, tinites, deafness and genitourinary as well as
bowl and bladder problems. It is written in Chapter 10 of Plain
Questions “The kidney dominates bone manifest on the hair”.
In Oriental Medicine the blood and
kidney Qi nourish the hair. Thus the continued growth or loss of air,
its luster or withering, density or scarcity, color and grasping are
directly related to the health of the kidney Qi. Thus during the
developing years, the kidney Qi is flourishing and thus the hair is
healthy. In old age as the kidney Qi declines, the hair may fall and
THE KIDNEY DOMINATES THE ORIFICES AND OPENS INTO THE EAR
The anterior lower orifices are the
urethra and genitals which have the function of urination and
reproduction. Posterior orifices refers to the anus relative to the excretion of
feces. Thus kidney Qi deficiency leads to impotence, premature ejaculation,
infertility, prolonged diarrhea, prolapse of the rectum, frequency of micturation, enuresis, anuria, oliguria and constipation.
THE KIDNEY OPENS INTO THE EAR
When the Kidney Qi is deficient, it
fails to ascend to the ear causing tinnitus and or deafness.
INTRODUCTION TO THE FU ORGANS
The Gall Bladder is located medially
and superiorly to the liver and is both a Fu and Extraordinary Fu
Organ. The Gall Bladders uniqueness comes from the fact that it stores
bile and not food or water.
The Gall Bladder’s internal-external
Meridian connection is with the Liver. The function of the Gal Bladder
is to store and separate bile for digestion and to prepare for
dissention. If the Gall Bader has pathology its cases t bile to ascend
or reveres and the result s a bitter taste in the mouth, vomiting of
bitter fluid, failure in digestion which results in abdomen distension
and loose stools. Bile is yellow and very bitter.
Because the Gall Bladder and Liver
both regulate the bile it is said that both t Liver and Gal Bladder
maintain the Free flow of Qi. Like the Liver, they both are susceptible
to emotional upsets resulting in fever, palpitations, insomnia and
The Sanjio is located in the torso
divided into three sections; Upper, Middle and Lower The San Jiao
meridian internal-external connection is the pericardium. Above the
diaphragm are the upper Jiao or the Heart and Lungs. Between the
diaphragm the umbilicus is the mid Jiao containing the spleen and
Stomach. Below the umbilicus is the lower Jiao containing the Kidneys,
intestines and bladder. The man functions this triple organ (It does
not exist but explains body metabolism and controls in the terms of
5thousand years ago) is to govern the various forms of Qi.
It is written in the Sixty-Sixth
Question Chapter of Classics in Medical Problems
“The Sanjio is the
ambassador of Yuanqi-It circulates the free Qi and distributes to the
five Zang and six fu organs”. It is also a passage for flow of
and body fluid.
Yuanqi or Source Qi begins its
journey from the kidneys and travels its pathway tough the San Jiao to
distribute it to the organs, tissues and entire body.
The Sanjio is the passageway for
water, ids in digestion of food by helping distribution, distributes Qi
of the water and food, and warms the extremities. The San Jiao
divisions have unique and distinct functions as well as general similar
The upper Jiao dominates dispersion
and distribution. This ads the distribution function f the heart and
lung, as well as itself distributing the essential Qi of water and food
to the whole body. This arms and nourishes the skin, muscles and their
tendons, the bones and regulates the skin and pores.
The upper Jiao presents an
all-pervading vapor like state of the clear and light essential Qi of
water and food. It is written in the Miraculous Pivot Chapter 18, “The
upper Jiao is like a fog”.
The middle Jiao dominates water and
food digestion. Since the spleen ad stomach are the associated middle
Jiao organs of digestion, this refers to the domination of absorbing
essential substance, transforming body fluids and transforming nutrient
substances into blood nutrients.
The lower Jiao refers to the
kidney, bladder and lower intestines.. Again in the 11th
chapter of Miraculous Pivot states, “The lower
Jiao acts like a drainage
ditch”. The Lower
Jiao then dominates the separation of the clear from
the turbid and the discharge of fluid and wastes from the body. When
there is lower Jiao obstruction, urinary retention, dispread and edema
SAN JIAO REVIEW:
Regulates cellular metabolism
Maintains body temperature
Produces post-natal Qi
The Upper Burner harmonizes the Heart, Pericardium and the Lugs
The Middle Burner harmonizes the Spleen, Stomach, Liver and Gall
The Lower Burner harmonizes the Kidney, Urinary Bladder, Small
and Large Intestine
Regulates the Hypothalamus
Control conduction of body fluids
Controls areas where its meridians flow
The Main Sanjio functions are?
Govern various forms of Qi
Serve as the passage for Qi Flow
Serve as pathway for body fluid
None of the above
All of the above
The middle Jiao
Absorb essential substances
Evaporate body fluids
Transform nutrient substances into the blood
All of the above
The Sanjio is a
Extra Fu Organ
Not n organ in OM
None of the above
The Sanjio is internally-externally related to
The Aqueduct is considered part of
The Stomach is located in the epigastrum.
As you remember from your Western Anatomy the esophagus above connects
with the stomach and below with the small intestine.
The cardiac sphincter, called
Shangwan is the upper valve for the stomach inlet and the Pylorus valve,
the lower outlet is known as the Iowan. Thus the Shangwan, Xiawan and
Zhangwan make up the epigastrum.
The stomach is connected internally
externally through the meridian with the spleen. Stomach function is to
receive food as well as the decomposition of food. For example the food
enters the mouth, issues in the esophagus to the stomach for
decomposition and subsequent transportation Ren to the intestine.
Essential elements are transported and transferred by the spleen to the
entire body. Together, the spleen and stomach are known as acquired
When Stomach function is normal its
Qi descends. If the stomach is disrupted, the descending function
reverses and the patient presents with a loss of appetite, distending
pain in the epigastria, nausea and vomiting.
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