The Meridians and their collaterals
were systematically diagramed and utilized over the centuries by trial
and error. Observation of the signs and symptoms of disease and
transmission of the sensation from the acupuncture procedure developed
the Meridian and Collateral theory.
It is written
in the Miraculous Pivot Chapter 10 that, “so
important are the meridians and collaterals which determine life and
death in the treatment of all diseases and the regulation of deficiency
and excess conditions…” Further in chapter 33 it goes on
to say “internally the twelve regular
Meridians’ connect with the Zang-fu organs, and externally with the
joints, limbs and other superficial tissues of the body.”
The ancients opined and today’s acupuncturists maintain the meridians
and their collaterals transport Qi and blood to nourish the Zang-fu
organs, skin, muscles, tendons, vessels, bones etc.
It must be
noted that by 1979, the World Health Organization recommended to all
nations that acupuncture/moxibustion therapy could be used to treat no
less than 43 diseases. Today that figure has jumped to 150 diseases to
include diseases of the nervous system, pains, tension headaches,
trigeminal (facial) neuralgia, bells palsy (facial paralysis), sciatica,
shoulder arthritis and more. The most common dis-eases or lack of ease
treated by acupuncture are the facial paralysis (stroke, bells palsy,
etc) and apoplexy sequelae. There have been reports of success treating
CHD, Angina pectoris and the arrhythmias, certain GI diseases such a
acute and chronic ulcerative colitis, chronic cholecystitis, and gastric
ulcers. Even Respiratory tract disease of the nose, throat, bronchial
asthma, and acute rhinitis. Finally male and female infertility and
regulation of fetal position have been suggested. However the greatest
effect has been anesthesia developed in China during the 1950’s.
Surgeries with Acupuncture anesthesia have been thyroidectomy, cesarean
section, and hernia repair.
I am listing these conditions since you must understand
the traditional Oriental Medicine places the cart before the hoarse.
Thus you will be required to know only clinically relevant Oriental
Mythology. My intent is to teach you as much medical scientific
correlate with said mythology so you will be able to explain acupuncture
therapy scientifically yourself. Something no other
work or school of acupuncture therapy has accomplished to date.
Nostalgic Medicine is just that, and it should be
self evident, visa vie is historical contribution and care-giving over
the five thousand years of herbal therapy and almost twenty-six hundred
years of acupuncture therapy, that this form of medical study is beautiful.
Of course it's basis, circular logic has held captive its creativity by
the vary nature the repetitive nature of circular logic. Where you
begin you eventually again end. Whereas
with Aristotelian or linear modern scientific logic, again its learning, continues growing
down the line through infinity...
THE TWELVE REGULAR MERIDIANS AND EIGHT EXTRA
The twelve regular meridians are the major trunks in the
system. They are categorized by the three following important concepts;
a) The hand or foot, b) Yin or Yang, and c) the Zang or Fu Organ. The
upper and lower extremities are subdivided by three paired yin and yang
yin are Taiyin,
Shaoyin and Jueyin
and the yang are Yangming,
Shaoyang. There is an important relationship between the paired
meridians. This relationship is called the internal-external (connects
internal aspects with external) relationship between the three yin and
three yang meridians:
understand the following relationship you won’t have to memorize it. In
fact one major problem with acupuncture therapy is that you must
memorize much minutiae, which has no reference to science, your future
education or day to day real experiences.
aspect of a limb is it medial portion. Yang is the lateral aspect of a
limb. Thus the yin meridians of the Zang organs are medial and the Yang
meridians of the Fu organs are lateral.
eight additional meridians called the 8 Extra meridians. These are the
Ren, Du, Yang Qiao Yin Qiao, Yin Wei and Yang Wei, Chong and the Dai.
Ren means fostering and responsibility. The Ren Meridian is also known
of as the Conception Vessel responsible for all yin.
The Du or
Governor Vessel runs along the midline of the back governing all yang
meridians. Obviously the Du stands for Governing.
meridian regulates the flow of Qi and blood in the twelve meridians.
Chong means vital pass and the Chong meridian is also called “the sea of
the twelve primary meridians”.
meridian goes around the waste, binding or holding up all the
meridians. Dai means girdle or belt. The Qiao meridian has two
portions yin and yang. The Yang-Qiao begins below the external
malleolus and Yin-Qiao begins at the internal maleolus. Finally the two
Wei meridians yin and yang, stand for a connection and network. The
Yin-Wei connects the network with the yin of the body, while the yang of
the body is linked though he Yang Wei.
are the twelve muscle regions and the twelve cutaneous regions. These
split from collaterals distributed all over the body and the skin.
MERIDIAN AND COLLATERAL FUNCTION AND THERAPEUTIC APPROACH
Study the Miraculous Pivot. It is written in chapter 47
“The meridians and collaterals transport
blood and Qi to adjust yin and an, nourish tendons and bones, and
improve joint function. Nutrient Qi flows inside the meridians and
defensive Qi runs outside the meridians”. Today we know
that they are describing hypothalamic function, which we review
throughout this text.
In chapter 71
it is written “when the lung and heart are
involved in a pathogenic invasion, the pathogenic Qi lingers in the
elbows, when the liver is Involved it lingers in both axillae; when the
spleen is involved, it stays in both groins; when the kidney is
involved, it stays in both popliteal fossae.” Much like
today’s known areas of referred pain the ancients mapped areas of
referred pain from organs through the meridians. Further they mapped
out referred signs and symptoms into the face and into the organs of the
5 senses. For example flare-up of the heart fire may induce tongue
ulceration, liver fire rising may induce eye congestion and swelling;
kidney Qi deficiency could cause hearing difficulties. It is written in
chapter 22 “in a case of liver disease, the
pain may radiate from the hypochodrium to the abdomen and heart disease
may radiate pain to the chest, with pain or fullness of costal region
and hypochodrium, back and shoulder and even in the medial aspect of
both arms”. Hypochondria and lower abdomen
Qi both axillae
Disease hypochondria lower
Fire tongue ulcer
Disease chest, back, shoulder,
jaw, medial arms.
Qi both groins
Qi both popliteal fossae
Chart of Original
Ancient Organ Referred conditions consistent with science.
It is written
in chapter 9 of the Miraculous Pivot
“acupuncture treatment must aim at regulating the glow of Qi”.
Then in chapter 5 “The key point in
acupuncture treatment is to know how to regulate yin and yang”.
Further it is written in Precious Supplementary Prescriptions that
“located on the courses of the meridians and collaterals, acupoints
usher Qi to the distant sites to achieve curative aims”.
viewed the mechanisms of acupuncture therapy in activating and/or
reducing the meridians and collaterals, regulating deficiency and
excess, as well as equilibrating the yin and yang of the human body.
Further, the equilibration of Qi and blood transported through the
meridians and collaterals to maintain normal physiology absent
pathology. Even if the body is invaded by pathogens, the knowledge that
elimination of meridian disturbance, cures pathological changes, caused
Acupuncturists to document their empirical success, albeit explained by
Oriental Medical theory.
equilibrate Yin and Yang distinct methods have been developed. For
example in disease of heat or Yang excess and Yin deficiency, reduction
of the three Yang meridians of the foot and hand and reinforcement of
the three Yin meridians of the foot and head, quickly relieved the
imbalance and return the body to a healthy state with Yin and Yang
four basic principals to remember. A) Reinforce deficiency and reduce
excess, b) clear away heat and warm cold, c) treat the incidentals and
fundamentals, and d) treat the same disease with different methods and
treat different diseases with the same method. Sound good. This is the
same reasoning the law applied to workers compensation within
California. If a treatment has not been tried and it is renowned for
success with the same diagnosis, then it should be tried. This is the
logic used by the ancients as well as the Packard Therber System. The
preferred method of diagnosis used in Oriental Medicine today because of
its all inclusive incite is the Eight Principles method which you will
study in-depth later. In essence to determine treatment and or the
acupoints prescription, the Acupuncture therapist differentially
diagnoses through noting the status of Yin and Yang, exterior and
interior nature of disorder, deficiency or excess, cold or heat aspects
of disease all cross checked prior to care.